Skin pigmentation in the form of melasma, freckles and dark spots is very common skin problem these days. Before moving onto suitable treatments for freckles, melasma or any other type of skin pigmentation. Let’s us first understand that what is skin pigmentation? What are the causes for it? How it looks like? Is it treatable? If yes, than how?

Here, you will find answers for your each question!

What is Skin Pigmentation?

Pigmentation simply means “coloring”. Skin pigmentation is basically the color of your skin due to certain amount of production of melanin. It is a natural pigment that gives color to your skin, hair and eyes. So, our skin color could be darker or lighter depending on the amount of melanin production.  

Skin pigmentation disorder is also known as hyperpigmentation. It occurs when skin produces more melanin. This can appear in the form of dark patches than surrounding area. Hyperpigmentation is a common skin disorder and can affect people of all skin type. These dark patches also further varies in their form like,

  1. Melasma – in the form of large brown patches.
  2. Freckles – Brown dotted spots
  3. Then comes Dark spots

Common Areas for Skin Pigmentation (Melasma & Freckles)

The most common areas for melasma to seem on the face include such as:

  • Bridge of the nose
  • Forehead
  • Cheeks
  • Chin


In order to understand that either you can treat your melasma, freckles or not, first you should “KNOW YOUR MELASMA”. You can only treat skin pigmentation if you will know the root cause of your skin problem. Many people take a lot of treatments for curing their skin pigmentation (melasma & freckles) but they don’t get expected results. Because they don’t know the actual cause of pigmentation.

So, we will discuss three main causes of skin pigmentation (Melasma, Freckles & Dark Spots):


Sunlight is one the biggest enemy of our skin. It causes a lot of skin problems among people. It is also one of the reason causing melasma and freckles. Sunlight/UV Rays when interact with your skin, it boost up the melanin production in skin cells. When it produces in larger amounts, it get accumulated within the skin cells and start appearing on the epidermal layer/upper layer of skin. Which we see in the form of brown patches melasma, brown spots freckles or dark spots.


A change in hormones or hormonal imbalance can also cause melasma. Hormonal imbalance is more common among females than males that’s why 95% women have issues of skin pigmentation. This is the reason why pregnant women often gets melasma. But it can disappear after pregnancy period if it is only because of pregnancy.

If you are unable to cure your melasma & freckles by just taking skin treatments. You should also consult your doctor. You need to take medical treatment for internal cause along with skin treatment to cure your skin pigmentation problem properly.


Another main cause for skin pigmentation could be hereditary/genetics. Simply means someone else in your family may has it. It is in your genes. Along with hormones, genes are also responsible for regulating melanin production.

If you have skin pigmentation in your genes so, first you should understand this clearly that it is not curable/treatable. You can reduce its intensity if it looks bad or spoil your overall face image. But you cannot treat it permanently.


You will look at a lot of skincare products in the market for treating skin pigmentation disorder. But, you should choose skincare products wisely. Dr. Romia Cosmeceuticals provide you Best Treatment for melasma, freckles and dark spots. 

Our hot selling product Tri-Melasma Cream (For Skin Pigmentation, Melasma, Freckles, and Dark Spots) is one of the best skincare product for solving your skin pigmentation issues.

But before applying cream, you must cleanse your face properly. You should clean your pores to make them absorb cream you are going to apply effectively.


Sunblock is must when you are treating your skin pigmentation. Because most of the melasma is due to sunlight so if you are not protecting your skin from harmful radiations of sun than it is of no use.

In short there are three products/step in which you can cure your skin pigmentation (melasma, freckles & dark spots)

  1. Cleanse your face with 24K Gold Whitening Facewash
  2. Apply Tri-Melas Cream and absorb it.
  3. Apply Sunblock when going outside or in the kitchen as well to protect from heat radiations.

If your melasma is only due to sunlight than this treatment would be enough. On the other hand, if it is because of hormonal imbalance, you have to take medical treatment after consulting your doctor plus use these products, your skin pigmentation will be cured.

But if it’s in your genes, you cannot cure it permanently. It will stay with you, what you can do is only reduce the amount of pigmentation and can still look beautiful!